Early life While Hughes's mother moved during his youth, Hughes was primarily raised by his maternal grandmother, Mary, until she died in her teens. From that point on, he went to live with his mother, and they moved to several cities before finally settling in Cleveland, Ohio. American author Langston Hughes, a moving spirit in the 1920s art movement, often called the Harlem Renaissance, expressed the mind and spirit of most African Americans for nearly half a century. In high school, Hughes learned about the works of the poet Carl Sandburg (1878-1896), another poet from the Midwest.
Also at this time, Hughes himself began writing poetry and developing his unique style. He began to send his work to magazines, but all of them were rejected. Later, in 1924, Hughes went to live with his mother in Washington, D.C. He expected to earn enough money to return to college, but working as a hotel waiter paid very little, and life in the country's capital, where racial tensions were fierce, made him unhappy.
But he was able to write a lot of poems. The Weary Blues won first prize in 1925 in a literary contest sponsored by Opportunity, a magazine published by the National Urban League. That summer, one of his essays and another poem won prizes in the Crisis literary contest. Meanwhile, Hughes had caught the attention of Carl Van Vechten, a novelist and critic, who organized the publication of Hughes' first volume of poetry, The Weary Blues (192).
Although he was born in Missouri, Langston Hughes moved to Lawrence to live with his grandmother Mary Langston. Hughes lived mainly with his grandmother during his early childhood, while his mother moved in search of work. When he was born in Joplin, Missouri, on February 1, 1902, James Mercer Langston Hughes didn't live long in Missouri. As part of the Department of African and African American Studies, the Langston Hughes Center (LHC) serves as an educational and academic research center that is based on the legacy and vision of Langston Hughes.
ProSLetters from Langston (University of California Press), 201 Selected Letters of Langston Hughes (Alfred A. The Pittsburgh Courier) published a great headline at the top of the page, LANGSTON HUGHES'S BOOK OF TRASH POEMS. Langston Hughes was a central figure in the Harlem Renaissance, the flourishing of black intellectual, literary and artistic life that took place in the 1920s in several American cities, particularly in Harlem.