Hughes's grandmother raised him in Lawrence, Kansas, until he was 12 years old, when he moved to Illinois to live with his mother and stepfather. Later, the family moved to Ohio. American author Langston Hughes, a moving spirit in the 1920s art movement, often called the Harlem Renaissance, expressed the mind and spirit of most African Americans for nearly half a century. In high school, Hughes learned about the works of the poet Carl Sandburg (1878-1896), another poet from the Midwest.
Also at this time, Hughes himself began writing poetry and developing his unique style. He began to send his work to magazines, but all of them were rejected. Later, in 1924, Hughes went to live with his mother in Washington, D.C. He expected to earn enough money to return to college, but working as a hotel waiter paid very little, and life in the country's capital, where racial tensions were fierce, made him unhappy.
But he was able to write a lot of poems. The Weary Blues won first prize in 1925 in a literary contest sponsored by Opportunity, a magazine published by the National Urban League. That summer, one of his essays and another poem won prizes in the Crisis literary contest. Meanwhile, Hughes caught the attention of Carl Van Vechten, a novelist and critic, who organized the publication of Hughes' first volume of poetry, The Weary Blues (192).
James Mercer Langston Hughes is remembered as one of the greatest contributors to the artistic realm of the Harlem Renaissance. When he was born in Joplin, Missouri, on February 1, 1902, James Mercer Langston Hughes didn't live long in Missouri. In February 2002, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Hughes's birth, the University of Kansas organized a symposium that included the participation of artists, academics, teachers, poets and other events related to the celebration and understanding of Langston Hughes. The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes, edited by Arnold Rampersad and David Roessel, appeared in 1994.Proseletters from Langston (University of California Press), 201 Selected Letters by Langston Hughes (Alfred A.